The Vihara

The whole monastery area is a square quadrangle of 920 feet, including the main entrance which is located on the northern side. The surrounding wall is comprised of 177 individual rooms facing inward to the main shrine. Each room contains a table of stone believed to place the Buddhist statues, so the monks were always in touch with their God. 

The central part or the main shrine is comprised of three terraces with a maximum height of 70 feet. The 3rd floor is a huge rectangular block and the 2nd terrace is much more wider than the upper terrace which has four pathways in four side. there are two sets of terracotta plaques which runs around the outside of the shrine in the intermediate terrace, almost half of those are still conserved in the situ. 

The ground level is located three feet beyond the  ‘’pradakshinapatha’’ or the central circumambulatory path which is in the base of the last group of terracotta plaques. A 15 feet pathway was discovered after the excavations by the archaeologists which connects the outer wall to the main shrine. 

There are more than 60 Hindu stone sculptures found at the base of the shrine, archaeologists believes that to make a religious harmony in the area and to encourage different religious believers to come into the monastery, they placed these. As mentioned earlier the main gate of the monastery is located in the northern side,  houses like kitchen are placed in the south east corner and there are also some buildings found in the north east corner of the whole complex.

paharpur vihara